Jordan is a pearl on the Dead Sea. From the devout silence of the desert area of Wadi Rum to its vibrant capital, Amann, Jordan boasts a rich heritage of religious and historical sites. In addition to biblical sites and monuments, the rock city of Petra and various crusader fortresses are an impressive sight. The historical relevance and the nature of the country is truly imposing; from mountains over the desert to the deepest point on the earth's surface - the Dead Sea. In this pleasantly awe-inspiring environment, there are numerous offers for wellness and relaxation. Mud packs and mineral water from the Dead Sea contribute to regeneration and well-being and make this site the largest natural spa in the world.
Facts & Figures
Official name: al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashimiyya (Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) Location: Middle East; with coastline on both the Dead Sea and the Red Sea Area: 89.342 km² Capital: Amman Population: 6.5 million Religious and Ethnic Groups: 93% Sunni Muslim, 5% Christian / 99.2% Arab, about 50% of Palestinian descent Language: Arabic (official language), English Geography: In the east desert plateau, in the west highlands, Riftzone between west and east bank of Jordan. Highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami (1854m) Time zone: Arabia Standard Time (UTC + 02:00) Political und Economic: Constitutional Monarchy, GDP: 33.8 billion EURO (2017) Currency: Jordanian Dinar (please search the web for information on the exchange rate)
Arrival and departure
As a result of the border states of Jordan, entering the country by land is usually entails delays while flying is the easiest way to get into the country. Most travellers use Queen Alia International Airport near Amman.
Visa: Vaccinations: In general, vaccinations for hepatitis A, hepatitis B and rabies are recommended. Upon arrival: The roads in Jordan are generally in good condition, but many popular locations can only be reached on open terrain and organized tours with drivers are therefore recommended. There is also a domestic flight route from Amann to Aqaba to cross the country from the south to the north.
Climate and best time to travel
Jordan consists of over two-thirds of desert. The remaining parts of the country are Mediterranean in the mountainous regions and subtropical in the Jordan Valley. On the coast, the temperatures are dry from May to September. Winter average temperature: Coast / Plains: 17 ° C / 9 ° C (lows around 10 ° C in February / 3 ° C in January) Summer average temperature: Coast / Plains: 32 ° C / 24 ° C (maximum highs around 40 ° C in July / 32 ° C in August) Water temperature: Maximum 26 °C in September Those who travel to Jordan for a beach holiday are best to do so best between May and September, while the months from November to March are ideal for city breaks. In December and January you can even go skiing in Jordan.
The most beautiful holiday regions
Sweimeh / Dead Sea - Endless swimming and spa mud packs Aqaba / Red Sea - Palm trees, reefs and sandy beaches
Public holidays and celebrations
New Year (January 1), Prophet Muhammad's birthday (moves according to the Islamic calendar and ethnicity) Good Friday (two days before Easter Sunday), Easter Monday (after the first Sunday after the Passover full moon), Labor Day (May 1), Independence Day (May 25), Prophet's Ascension Day (according to the Islamic calendar), Ramadan, Fasting, Islamic New Year (depending on the Islamic calendar), Christmas (December 25/26)
DOs and DON'Ts
DOs • Wear appropriate clothing. Always cover your shoulders and do not wear shorts when visiting the mosque. Never walk in places of worship with shoes. • Use the right hand. Since the left hand is often considered impure, you should be careful when using your left hand, especially when in contact with others. • Smoke hookah. The Jordanians like to smoke hookah with fruit tobacco before eating, sometimes even after their meal for relaxation.
DONTs • Don’t show the soles of your feet. This is considered rude and disrespectful in Jordan. Also try not to do the "ankle-on-knee" position. • Don’t display public affection. Although sometimes Jordanian men are friendly, all other expressions or exchanges of caresses - even between men and women - are not welcomed in Jordan.
• Dairy products made from uncooked milk should not be consumed. We recommend peeling the fruits before eating.
Can you drink the tap water? The Jordanian water quality does not meet European drinking water standards. Therefore, only bottled or boiled water should be consumed. Do I need an adapter? In Jordan, there are different sockets. Since not all are compatible with the European sockets, an adapter is needed. What about medical care? Medical care in Amman is generally described as good. Outside the city can be difficult, especially since ambulance options are limited. It is advised to purchase a travel insurance with medical evacuation transport.
Top tips and discoveries
Amman Nestled between the mountains and the Jordan Valley, Amman offers a pleasant blend of history, modernity and vibrancy. Through its eventful history, you will still find to this day the impressive monuments of the most diverse epochs and influences that have come together to form a colourful and heterogeneous cityscape. The temperate climate and the view from the city hills over the area attract visitors all year round.
Petra Petra is considered the unofficial eighth wonder of the ancient world - and rightly so. The city looks like it was created from another world with its meter-high, rock-cut temples and dwellings. The path to Petra through narrow canyons takes you into a dreamworld where you forget about everyday life. When you stand in front of the pink entrance building to the city, you are immediately placed under the spell of this sheerly overwhelming and unique place. The valley surrounding the city is of impressive beauty and full of legendary sites.
Jordan's Royal Road The old royal road is a wonderful opportunity to discover more of Jordan's impressive nature, as well as its cultural and historical treasures. At 335 km, this road passes the country's largest archaeological sites and major sanctuaries, as well as mountains, plains and valleys. The uniqueness of the journey is reinforced by the awareness that this route was used 5,000 years ago and is even mentioned in the Bible.