As one of the representatives of the Baltic region, Lithuania is characterized mainly by its changeable weather conditions, which give the country a diverse flora and fauna. With more than 200 nature reserves, which partly consist of 5 national parks and 30 regional parks, a variety of animals and plants find their home here. This idyllic place consists mainly of forests and agricultural land creating countless opportunities for visitors, such as city tours and hiking on holiday. The holiday experience is complemented by the Baltic Sea beaches in the west of the country, which invite visitors to pleasant swimming temperatures. Despite the icy winters, the hot summers warm up the lakes and seas to make for perfect bathing and relaxing.
Facts & Figures
Official name: Lietuvis Respublika (Republic of Lithuania) Location: Northern Europe, located between Latvia, Poland and Belarus Area: 65.300 km² Capital: Vilnius Population: Approx. 2.89 million Religious and Ethnic Groups: Approx. 80% Roman Catholic, multitude of ethnic minorities (including Romani, Tatars and Turkic) Language: Lithuanian (official language) Geography: Largely agricultural land, with 30% of the country being dominated by forests and sporadic marshes and marshland; extensive Baltic Sea beaches in the west Time Zone: Eastern European time (UTC + 02:00 or + 03:00 between March and October) Political and Economic: Semi-presidential democracy, GDP: 37.2 billion euros (2015) Currency: Euro (since 2015)
Arrival and departure
Lithuania has 4 international airports, making flying the easiest and safest way to enter, no matter where you come from. In addition, the road network is of very good quality and thus offers another option of arrival.
Climate and best time to travel
In Lithuania, there is a maritime temperate continental climate with short, hot summers and the winter months are marked by strong western winds and freezing cold temperatures.
Winter average temperature: -5 ° C Summer average temperature: 25 ° C Water temperature: (Baltic Sea) max. 20 ° C in August Depending on the sort of holiday you would like, the long summer days from may enable extensive sightseeing tours while the months between June and August are suitable for swimming holidays due to high temperatures.
The most beautiful holiday regions
Baltic Sea Coast - White sand beaches, blue sea and steep coastal landscapes invite you to hours of exploration.
Public holidays and celebrations
New Year (January 1), Lithuanian State Restoration (February 16), Lithuanian Independence Rebirth (March 11), Good Friday (April 14 / March 30), Easter Sunday (the first Sunday after the Passover Full Moon), Easter Monday, day Work (May 1), St. John's Day (June 24), National Day (July 6), Assumption Day (August 15), All Saints Day (November 1), Christmas Eve (December 24), Christmas (December 25), St. Stephen's Day (December 26).
DOs and DON'Ts
DO's • Be generous: If not already stated on the bill, always tip between 10-15%. This mainly relates to restaurants and cafes, but not for taxis. • Be attentive: Whether on the bus or train - tickets should always be stamped immediately. Lithuanian inspectors are very strict and will enforce a fine for unstamped passes.
DON`Ts • Don't ignore the dress code: Churches are considered sacred in Catholic Lithuania and should be entered in proper dress attire. • Don’t drink in public: Consuming alcohol in parks or public places can lead to heavy fines.
Can you drink the tap water? The tap water in Lithuania is generally of good quality. However, since the pipes and fixtures are often not in good condition, you should boil your drinking water or drink bottled water.
Do I need an adapter? If you are coming from outside of continental Europe, yes.
What about medical care? Medical care in cities is generally considered satisfactory. Since this is not always the case in the more rural areas, it is recommended to have a travel health insurance with medical evacuation transport.
Top tips and discoveries
Vilnius Surrounded by hills and forests, Lithuania's capital impresses with a multitude of elements. The breathtaking old town with its narrow winding streets and churches give visitors an idea of the development that Vilnius underwent over the past 1000 years. Meanwhile, there are important institutions from politics, science and culture - especially the National Museum, Gothic churches and the Museum Quarter, which used to be inhabited by the aristocratic society as a palace.