Facts & FiguresOfficial name: Jamhuri ya muungano wa Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)
Location: East Africa, between Kenya and Mozambique on the Indian Ocean
Area: 883.749 km²
Capital city: Nominal: Dodoma, In fact: Dar es Salaam
Population: 49.3 million
Religious and ethnic groups: 30% Christian, 35% Muslim, 25% Indigenous religions (Zanzibar: 99% Muslims) / 95% Bantu (Zanzibar: Arabs and Africans)
Language: Swahili (official language), English (lingua franca)
Geography: Highlands in the north and the south, Plateau on the inlands and flat land on the coast. Highest point: Kilimanjaro (5895m)
Time Zone: East Africa Time (UTC + 03:00)
Currency: Tanzanian Shillings (the current exchange rate can be found online)
Arrival and departureThe journey to Tanzania is by far the easiest by plane. The country has two international airports at Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro.
On site: Since there are only a few companies that rent four-wheel-drive cars to foreigners, the country mainly uses buses, taxis and cars with personal drivers.
Climate and best time to travelThe weather in Tanzania ranges from tropical along the coast to temperate in the highlands.
Winter average temperature: Zanzibar/domestic: 27°C/20°C (average minimum temperatures around 22°C in January and 14°C in December)
Summer average temperature: 24°C: Zanzibar/domestic/17°C (maximum temperatures of around 29°C/22°C in August)
Water temperature: Up to 28°C in January
The best travel time depends on the purpose of the trip, however, the rainy season is between March and June or between November and December
The most beautiful holiday regionsZanzibar – Spice island with white sand beaches
Serengeti - Big Five and lush lakes
Kilimanjaro – Extinct volcanoes and glaciers, giant
Public holidays and celebrationsNew Year (January 1), Revolutionary Day (January 12), Prophet Muhammad's Birthday (varies), Good Friday (varies), Easter Monday (March / April), Day of Unity (April 26), Labour Day (May 1 ), Saba Saba Day (July 7), Fast Breaking (varies), Farmers Day (August 8), Sacrificial Festival (varies), Nyerere Day (October 14), Independence Day and Republic (December 9), Christmas (December 25/26).
DOs and DON'TsDOs
• Greet. In Tanzania, all people are greeted, regardless of whether you know them or not. Adapt as a sign of courtesy.
• Wash your hands. In Tanzania, food is not started until the hands are cleansed. In some areas, this is traditionally done with goblets.
• Bring mosquito repellent. Malaria and dengue fever are common in Tanzania and can even break out after you return. Wear long, bright clothes, especially in the evening and night. Use mosquito repellent and mosquito nets.
• Expect punctuality. Most Tunisians have a relaxed relationship with time and will therefore often appear late for appointments.
• Expect public expressions of affection. Be cautious in public with body contact; with a member of the same sex, this is not a problem.
Holiday tipsCan you drink the tap water? The Tanzanian water should not be used as drinking water. Instead drink bottled water or boil the tap water thoroughly for a very long time.
Do I need an adaptor? In Tanzania, they do not use the same sockets as in Europe, an adapter is therefore required.
What about medical care? Medical care does not exceed European standards, a travel health insurance with medical evacuation transport is highly advised.
Top tips and discoveries
Kilwa was one of the most important cities in East Africa during the Middle Ages; Its ruins still bear witness to it today. The trade in gold, silver, pearls, perfumes and other valuable goods has created numerous magnificent mosques and impressive architecture. If you walk through their remains today, you will find testimonies of the former splendour all over and will surely be enveloped by a magic of the past.
The giant snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro juts out from the surrounding countryside. If the massif is already impressive from a distance, it is almost overwhelming up close. Even those who do not make the ascent of the summit will be rewarded and will find on the slopes and foot of the mountain range a unique variety of flora and fauna. The national park of the same name is also worth a visit with its natural wonders.
Although every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the above text, SpaDreams cannot be held responsible for any out-of-date or inaccurate information.