Cranio-Sacral therapy describes a soft, manual form of body work, which was developed at the start of the 20th century as the basis of Osteopathy. The skull, spine, sacrum and the central nervous system are central to the Cranio-Sacral System. The main points of the treatment focus on the skull and move along the spine and the sacrum. Through the rhythmic release of cerebrospinal fluid, a pressure wave is generated by the brain to the spinal cord around the sacral bone. The skull relaxes, and the rest of the spine and the body do too. Thereafter a pressure wave is released again, as a certain amount of cerebrospinal fluid is absorbed by the body. The skull returns to its original form and the respiratory cycle begins again.
This cycle is known as the Cranio-Sacral Rythm and is independent from the heartbeat and breathing, but is directly linked to tissue respiration of the central nervous system, which regulates the lungs and all other bodily functions. An experienced Cranio-Sacral Therapist feels this rhythm with their hands and can dissolve existing blockages using specialized, soft pressure techniques. The Cranio Sacral system may be hampered by muscle, connective tissue, metabolic disorders, inflammation, accidents and so on. Often then, health problems can occur, which traditional medicine cannot explain.